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Irenaean theodicy is ‘soul making’. His theodicy is more concerned with the development of humanity. Irenaeus distinguished between the ‘image’ and the. (25 Marks) The Irenaeus Theodicy, often called Soul Making, is a counterpart to Augustine’s Theodicy, yet it is also and opposing argument. Irenaeus’ theodicy is . A MODERN IRENAEAN THEODICY -. PROFESSOR HICK ON EVIL. Brian A. Davies. In attempting to deal with the traditional problem of evil. Christian.

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Phillips and Fyodor Dostoyevsky challenged the instrumental use of suffering, suggesting that love cannot be expressed through suffering.

He argues that, if suffering was always beneficial to humans, it would be impossible for humans to develop compassion or sympathy because we would know that someone who is suffering will certainly benefit from it. If we proceed on this definite assumption that all belonging to the human race are eventually taken up into loving fellowship with Christ, there is nothing for it but this single divine fore-ordination.

Early Christian theologian Origen also presented suffering as necessary for the development of human beings. Blocher argued that universalism contradicts free will, which is vital theoficy the Irenaean theoricy, because, if everyone will receive salvation, humans cannot choose to reject God. Through an allegorical reading of Exodus and the books of SolomonOrigen casts human development as a progression though a series of stages which take place in this life and after death.

Surely there are rienaean humane waays about allowing people to develop in the likeness of God?

Second-century philosopher Irenaeus developed a theodicy based on the idea that the creation of humans is still in progress. Schleiermacher began his theodicy by asserting that God is omnipotent and benevolent and concluded that, because of this, “God would create flawlessly”.

Philosophy of Religion

This is however not a final argument, given the nature of Dostoyevsky’s work as polyphonic. Natural theodic is when these laws come into conflict with our own perceived needs. Twentieth-century philosopher Alvin Plantinga supported the idea that this world is the best possible world, arguing that the good in the world including God’s infinite goodness outweighs the evil and proposing that the ultimate good of God’s sacrifice when Jesus was crucified necessitated the existence of evil.


His suffering, being swallowed by a whale, both enabled God’s plan to theldicy fulfilled and also brought Jonah closer to God: Rather, he argued that Hell exists as a tueodicy concept and as a warning of the importance of this life. Inphilosopher John Hick tneodicy the similarities of the preceding theodicies, calling them all “Irenaean”.

God foretold that this fall would happen and therefore sent his son, Jesus Christ, so that humanity may be reconciled with God. Michael Tooley argued that the magnitude of suffering is excessive and that, in some cases, cannot lead to moral development. Phillips maintained throughout his work that humans are incapable of fully understanding God, and presented an understanding of the moral diversity of human existence.

Neither of these instances of suffering serve any useful purpose, as they cannot lead theoicy moral development. The Irenaean theodicy was first identified as a form of theodicy by John Hick in Evil and the God of Lovewritten in Part of a series on the.

Irenaeus’ Theodicy – Advantages and disadvantages table in A Level and IB Religious Studies

Blocher proposed that Hick must then accept a level of determinismthough not going all the way. However, Dostoyevsky also states that the beauty of love is evident, in that love can continue to grow, withstand and overcome even the most evil acts.

The development of process theology has presented a challenge to the Irenaean theodicy. Through his writings he helped to establish the Canon of Scripture. Theodicy- strengths and weaknesses of Augustine and Irenaeus. Robert Melse argued that, although suffering does sometimes bring about good, not all suffering is valuable and that most does more harm than good.

Irenaean theodicy

French theologian Henri Blocher criticised the universalism of John Hick’s theory. However, humans use that free will to turn away from God and chose to sin. Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky presented a similar argument in his novel, The Brothers Karamazov.

In the early 19th century, Friedrich Schleiermacher wrote Speeches and The Christian Faithproposing a theodicy which John Hick later identified as Irenaean in nature.

Theosicy does not need to be an opposite. This is not orthodox Christianity. Because Irenaeus saw the purpose of the world to be the development of the moral character of humans, he believed that a good world would be best suited to that purpose.


Soul-making is the theory that evil has to exist so that humans can develop their souls by living and becoming good, moral people. Grace Lidgett Created on: He conceived sin as being an obstruction to humanity’s dependence on God, arguing that it is almost inevitable, but citing Jesus as an example of a sinless man, whose consciousness of God was unobstructed.

Philosophy of religion article index. Weaknesses of the irenaeus theodicy. Can suffering ever be justified on the grounds of motive? Would a loving God use evil?

According to the Irenaean tradition, humans are not created perfectly, but in a state of imperfection. Related topics Criticism of religion Ethics in religion Exegesis Faith and rationality History of religions Political science of religion Religion and science Religious philosophy Theology.

Knowledge of these consequences must be based on experience—Swinburne rejected the idea that God could implant such knowledge, arguing that humans would question its reliability.

Report Sun 24th June, Origen used two metaphors for the world: Suffering and evil are: Scott argues that significant aspects of Origen’s theology mean that there is a stronger continuation between it and Hick’s theodicy.

BBC Bitesize – GCSE Religious Studies – Good, evil and suffering – Revision 3

Hick justifies theodlcy by appealing to the concept of mystery. He argued that the Irenaean theodicy supposes that God inflicts pain for his own ends, which Griffin regarded as immoral. He perceived God’s declaration in the Book of Genesis that his creation was good to mean that the world is fit for purpose, rather than being free from suffering.

The nature of his theodicy required Hick to propose an eschatology in which humans are fully morally developed. Hick distinguished between the Augustinian theodicy, based on free will, and the Irenaean theodicy, based on human development.

Humans were created in the image and likeness of God.