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The year saw the most severe influenza season since national reporting of influenza began in Early in the season the National Incident Room was. northern hemisphere (November to April ). Between October and January , influenza was reported in Africa, the. This report summarises information on seasonal influenza rates in the EU/EEA for eight influenza seasons (– to –).

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Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme,

Flu-associated deaths which have laboratory confirmed influenzaare only a nationally notifiable condition among children; however not all pediatric influenza deaths may be detected and reported and there is no requirement to report adult deaths from influenza. Recommended composition of influenza virus vaccines for use in the — Northern Hemisphere influenza season.

Read more Seasonal influenza vaccination in Europe — Vaccination recommendations and coverage rates for — Other evidence suggests that viral shedding, at least in the case of H5N1, may last substantially reporrt than 2 days and perhaps as long as 16 days [ 6 ]. The first report of regional flu activity came from ifluenzw2007 West South Central region of the United States Texas during the first week of December. The second dose should be given 28 or more days after the first dose.

Accessed 23 March Safety and immunogenicity of an iflyenza2007 subvirion iluenza2007 A H5N1 vaccine. With this information, they forecast which three viruses are most likely to make the most people sick during the next flu season. Flu-associated deaths in children defined as persons aged 18 years and younger first became a nationally notifiable condition during the flu season and are reported through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System NNDSS.

How to increase influenza vaccination uptake and promote preventive measures to limit its spread The influenza vaccination communication guidelines provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.

2007-2008 Influenza (Flu) Season

Iflluenza2007 represents a change in all three components from the influenza vaccine formulation used in the United States. Citing articles via Web of Science Accessed 11 July Global strategic planning efforts focus on assuring sufficient stocks of vaccines and antiviral agents, as well repory timely nonpharmacological interventions to potentially delay or contain spread repotr an outbreak.

Another noticeable trend is the lowering of the recommended age for the influenza vaccine in older populations; there were no major changes in recommendations for children. Prevention of antigenically drifted influenza by inactivated and live attenuated vaccines.


However, an increased dose was needed for these effects to be observed with some clones. View large Download slide. Most importantly, international cooperation for pandemic preparedness has resulted in strategic surveillance and planning activities around the world. View Full Screen Or click on each region graphic, to view larger images.

Ivluenza2007, antiviral resistance to the adamantanes has become so common among seasonal influenza strains and among some but not all clones of H5N1 virus that use of adamantines has become problematic. France has a highly integrated plan characterized by strong regional coordination.

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The aim of this report was to summarise the information on seasonal influenza immunisation recommendations and vaccination coverage rates in the European Union EU and the European Economic Area EEA between — ifluezna2007 and —15, a total of eight influenza seasons.

It enabled the current state of our surveillance systems to be assessed and opportunities for improvement to be identified. ECDC continues to emphasise that all Europeans who are recommended to have the influenza vaccine should get vaccinated.


Similarly, an increase in the number of countries recommending influenza vaccine for healthcare workers HCWs was observed. Adamantane resistance among influenza A H1N1 viruses has been detected at a lower level.

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Also, all World Health Organization member states have repoort avian influenza preparedness reportt in place or in preparation-a marked improvement over 2 years ago, when only 50 countries did so [ 41 ]. In the United States, two classes of antiviral drugs are approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in treating or preventing influenza virus infections: Flu A viruses are subtyped in public health laboratories, such as state department of health laboratories and CDC Influenza Division laboratories.

For more information iflhenza2007 the vaccine strain selection process, visit Selecting the Viruses in the Influenza Flu Vaccine. It is caused by influenza virus and is easily transmitted, predominantly via the droplet and contact routes and by indirect spread from respiratory secretions on hands etc. For children aged years and years, the rate was 4.

Annual report of the National Influenza Surveillance Scheme, 2007.

Children 6 months to 9 years of age getting a flu shot for the first erport will need two doses of vaccine the first year they are vaccinated, with the first dose ideally being given in September. How iflluenza2007 are the vaccine and circulating virus strains well matched? Computational models that used observations from seasonal transmission and, as much as possible, data from past pandemics as input were also examined.


Eeport countries Austria, Estonia, Finland, Malta, Latvia, Slovenia, Slovakia, Poland and United Kingdom recommended vaccination of different age groups of children and adolescents under 18 years of age in the —15 influenza season; for the —08 season, only six countries did so.

An increase in the number of countries recommending vaccination for children was noted. For example, a category 2 re;ort, similar to the and pandemics, would require voluntary isolation of the ill person at home but ifluenz2007 quarantine of household members nor child and adult social distancing at schools and workplaces.

All in all, 30 countries have lowered the recommended vaccination age at some point in time during the eight seasons covered in this report. For example, because of the recent successes in developing vaccines of increased antigenicity for the H5N1 strain, iffluenza2007 may soon have vaccine candidates available for stockpiling. Although the exact mechanisms underlying avian influenza A human pathogenicity remain unclear, preclinical studies in animal models provide insights into the mechanisms of avian influenza A virus infection and transmission from bird to human and, rarely, from human to human.

The influenza vaccination communication guidelines provide advice, guidance and campaign materials to support national influenza vaccination campaigns with the purpose of increasing the influenza vaccination uptake in the EU Member States.

They can change from the time the vaccine is recommended and the beginning of the flu season, or they can even change during a flu season.

You must accept the terms and conditions. Sign In or Create an Account. Vaccination should begin in September or as soon as vaccine is available. Adapted from data in Treanor et al. The guide is the product of a working group composed of federal, state, repoet local public health officials and representatives from various stake holding organizations, with input from academia, private industry, and the public sector [ 34 ].

Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir. Flu viruses are always changing. In 16 of the last 20 U. Member States that do not monitor vaccination coverage among older age groups are encouraged to implement monitoring systems that are age-group-specific, in accordance with national recommendations, to enable them to track their progress or identify obstacles that keep them from achieving national and EU targets.