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The Semitic languages /​ edited by Robert Hetzron. Other Authors. Hetzron, Robert. Published. New York: Routledge, Content Types. text. Carrier Types. : The Semitic Languages (Routledge Language Family Series) ( ): Robert Hetzron: Books. THE NEAR AND MIDDLE EAST. ROBERT HETZRON (ed.): The Semitic languages. xx, pp. London: Routledge, ? Nildeke to Goldziher (7/8/ ).

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Notify me of new comments via email. As the Semitist and phonologist A. Create a free website or blog at WordPress. Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.

This is important, because it means that these languages participated in the most significant innovation that characterizes the Central Semitic branch, and are therefore also part of Central Semitic. To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: Numerous internal plurals survive in some languages, like Tigrinya, but they have practically disappeared in some of the so-called Gurage languages.

This single location in Western Australia: The license is valid for both electronic and paper copies. Thus, Porkhomovsky suggested that, until a truly signifi- cant innovation shared by Ethiopian Semitic and the Modern South Arabian languages has been identified, they should not be considered a genetic subgroup, but rather sepa- rate descendant branches of West Semitic as in Figure 9.

Models of Classification of the Semitic Languages lects ; see below, Section 9. These data show that the loss of the t cannot be ascribed to a common ancestor. To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes. Third, a shared feature may have been inherited from a still earlier ancestor, and have been lost in other members of the family.

However, in Central Semitic, all of the prefixes for a particular verb stem have the same vowel, either a or i. It will be seen that all of these links can be seen as shared retentions, areal phenomena, or parallel developments, suggesting rather a wave model for the South Semitic group.


Comments and reviews What are comments? Reconstructing Proto-Semitic and Models of Classification occurs with verbs as well cf.

Robert Hetzron (ed.): The Semitic Languages

The second feature, the use of broken plurals, is a bit more complex. The same form is also rarely attested in early Akkadian, but its use there seems to be quite different; again, no such form is attested in either Ethiopian Semitic or langhages Mod- ern South Arabian languages. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: For these languages share an entire tense-mood-aspect system, with only relatively minor differences which can be attributed to later developments within the individual languages.

This is not to say that the exact position of Ugaritic or Eblaite has been agreed upon, only that they could be fit into the existing model. First, within the Central Semitic sub-family, not all of the characteristic features are common to the entire group.

On the Place of Akkadian and Eblaite within Se- mitic. Kogan and Andrey V. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links I take it for granted that a statement of shared inheritance as explanation for a shared feature should only be made once all other possible explanations for the shared feature have been ex- hausted.

West Semitic is further divided as follows:.

Robert Hetzron – Wikipedia

Indeed, the indications that it reflects a shared inheritance are even stronger. As evidence that this could also be an example of parallel development, we can add that Soqotri, one of the Modern South Arabian languages, also shows this loss, as noted already by Blau Problems addressed include the question of a South Semitic group, the features which distinguish the Central Semitic group, and the merits of the tree vs. Since the change can easily be explained as an areal phenomenon, it cannot be reliably used to indicate hettzron relatedness.


As in Section 7. It is much more common in those languages for plurals to be formed by what is termed either internal plurals, broken plurals, or pattern replacement: Public Private login e. The absence of the loss in the geographical periphery suggests an areal diffusion according to a wave model. Areal Diffusion and Genetic Inheritance: Traditional classification schemes 3. Skip to content Skip to search.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here The family tree model reflects languags splits that occur when one group of speakers, whose speech includes innovative developments, becomes separated from the rest. There seems to be almost as many approaches to classification as there are scholars who work on the problem, some of them markedly different in methodology and conclusions for some history of the issue, cf. Areal features and parallel developments in Central Semitic 8. Separate different tags with a comma.

The same applies to some Neo-Aramaic languages cf. Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer. Introduction The internal subgrouping of the Semitic language family has been debated almost since the systematic linguistic study of the family began in langkages 19th century.

Open to the public. Indeed, a recent study by W. We would propose, in fact, that such vestiges may serve as a heuristic criterion for determining whether a feature is due to some factor other than genetic inheritance: Neither Akkadian nor classical Ethiopic exhibits an article, and it seems clear on comparative grounds that no article is to be recon- structed for Proto-Semitic either.