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ABSTRACT. Desquamative gingivitis is a descriptive term of nonspecific clinical expression in the gingiva (redness, burning, erosion, pain) of several. Desquamative gingivitis (DG) is a clinical term used to describe gingival tissues that demonstrate potentially painful gingival erythema, hemorrhage, sloughing. Lichen planus is an idiopathic t-cell mediated inflammatory condition. Although its etiology is unknown OLP is sometimes associated with other medical.

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Desquamative gingivitis

Systemic drugs or agents are reserved for skin or mucosal locations dexquamative than oral sites, such as the conjunctiva. Desquamative gingivitis is a fairly common disorder in which the gingivae are desquamated.

Early presenting symptom of mucocutaneous disease. Limitation of oral function and speech difficulties due to pain can also be observed 26. Please review our privacy policy.

N Engl J Med. Gingival biopsy is best avoided, as gingival chronic inflammation may lead to confusion.

The epidemiological characteristics of MMP were unclear, with gingiviyis reported incidence of 1. Corticosteroids, desquamative gingivitis, mucous membrane pemphigoid. However, their effects are limited due to the saliva volume and the tongue movements which decreases the effectiveness of the treatment. However, the palatal gingiva was unaffected. Furthermore, a similar clinical pattern can be observed in reactions developing against mouthwashes Figure 1chewing gums, cosmetic products, drugs, cinnamon and dental materials Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws.


How to cite this article: The treatment strategies vary according to the preference of the physician, the age of the patient, the severity of the disease and the site involved. Wichmanns was the first to describe a case of MMP as early as late 18 th century. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) | Desquamative Gingivitis | Continuing Education Course |

Ahlfors EE, Lyberg T. Desquamative gingivitis not related to disease or allergic reaction. An anti-plaque agent such as 0. Squamous cell papilloma Keratoacanthoma Malignant: Resolution of lesions after systemic steroids therapy Click here to view.

Direct immunofluorescence showing a linear deposition of IgG and C3 at the dermo-epidermal junction. The desquamative gingivitis is seen after puberty, especially in individuals over 30 years of age 3. While only desquamations can be observed in the patients, there can also be associated vesicular-bullous lesions, in addition to ulcerative and lichenoid lesions.

Endo H, Desquxmative TD. Desquamative gingivitis DG is a clinical term used to describe gingival tissues that demonstrate potentially painful gingival erythema, hemorrhage, sloughing, erosion, and ulceration Figure 1 and Box 1.

Desquamative gingivitis: A review

Mucous membrane pemphigoid MMPoral lichen planus and pemphigus vulgaris accounts for the major causes of gingival desquamation. MMP is a heterogeneous group of autoimmune, chronic inflammatory, subepithelial blistering disease of mucous membranes, oral, ocular, genital, nasopharyngeal, esophageal, and laryngeal mucosa are frequently affected, with rare skin involvement.


However, no direct relationship between MMP and smoking or menopausal status has been cited in the literature. How to cite this URL: J and A Churchill Ltd; There are cases that have been reported concerning the successful use of topical tacrolimus 0.

Introduction | Desquamative Gingivitis | Continuing Education Course |

Immunodiagnosis of pemphigus and mucous membrane pemphigoid. Desquamative gingivitis affecting the marginal and attached gingiva was appreciated with respect to left maxillary gingival region, along with the presence of blood filled bullae. Chronic periodontitis Localized aggressive periodontitis Generalized aggressive periodontitis Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease Periodontosis Necrotizing periodontal diseases Abscesses of the periodontium Combined periodontic-endodontic lesions.

Photomicrograph showing sub-epithelial cleft and basal cell degeneration, with haemmorhagic areas. OLP-related DG may be particularly resistant to treatment compared to other mucosal sites.

This page was last edited on 29 Decemberat Other treatment regimen includes intravenous immunoglobulins, plasmapheresis, and Low level laser therapy LLLT. Caused by various autoimmune diseases as well as allergies.

Linear deposition of IgG and C3 at the dermo-epidermal junction was evident in direct immmunofluorescence [ Figure 5 ]. Desquamation Online [Internet] [access date: