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Scientific name: Other names: Tamaraw. Bubalus mindorensis. Mindoro dwarf buffalo, Timaraw, Tamarao, Tamarau, Mindorobüffel, Búfalo de. Bubalus mindorensis is included in the subgenus Bubalus [Hamilton-Smith, ], being affiliated with the Asiatic water buffalo (B. arnee). Bubalus mindorensis Heude, Taxonomic (Download Help) Bubalus mindorensis TSN Reference for: Bubalus mindorensis, tamaraw [ English].

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Also known as dwarf buffalo, Mindoro pygmy buffalo, tamarau. By the tamaraw’s range mindorendis reduced to three areas: In the s the tamaraw population declined due to rinderpesta viral disease affecting cattle.

Half of these occurred when the animals were condensed into small fragments of habitat due to fires, while two others were of an adult male chasing dispersing juvenile males.

Tamaraws will use mud wallows like related buffalo species. A greyish-white stripe runs from the inner corner of the eye outwards and greyish-white patches are also found on the legs and neck 5.

The limbs are short and stocky. Within their mountainous environment, tamaraws will usually be found not far from sources of water.

Government of the Republic of the Philippines. It is said to rest in dense vegetation during the day and then emerge at night fall to feed 5. Said to be very suspicious of humans, the fierceness of the tamaraw is widely reported 4 5. Tamaraw calves are born reddish-brown and attain the same colour as adults in about five years 5. Bubalus mindorensis is included in the subgenus Bubalus [Hamilton-Smith, ], being affiliated with the Asiatic water buffalo B.

File:Bubalus mindorensis by Gregg Yan 01.jpg

It is likely that tamaraws communicate also through some auditory and chemical cues. Reported measurements are scarce, but females have been estimated to weigh odd kilograms. Few reported weights are available in the literature. At a few months of age, the body color is light brown, and gradually darkens to reach adult coloration at years of age Kuehn, Their numbers have declined from an estimated 10, in to approximately 20 to individuals today, making this species one of the rarest mammals in the world.

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The length of the body is 2. Journal of International Development and Cooperation8 1: Age of primiparity or sexual maturity is not given in the literature, but one source says they reach “adulthood” at 6 years of age. Permanent and seasonal rivers are found throughout the region, and are often lined by reeds Phragmites sp.

Economic Importance for Humans: Another distinct behavior in B. The tamaraw is known to inhabit dense vegetation, often close to rivers, and marshy areas or grasslands near areas of forest, from the lowlands up to around 2, metres above sea level 4 5. Senegal bluetail Ischnura senegalensis.

Newborn tamaraws are reddish-brown in color with dark brown legs and a black mid-dorsal line Kuehn, While not as heavily exploited as other large, endangered mammals, the tamaraw population on Mindoro was subject to some harvesting pressure from subsistence hunters before conservation efforts were spurred towards the latter half of the 20th century.

Although fossil evidence suggests that they may also have occupied the island of Luzon. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

The most major factor threatening survival of B. This page was last edited on 13 Septemberat The tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo Bubalus mindorensis is a small hoofed mammal belonging to the family Bovidae.

Tamaraw regularly use well-trodden paths through their habitat, including through steep terrain; based on hoofprints and scat, multiple animals use the same pathways although likely not at the same time Suchomel, Tamaraw threats Since the early s, numbers of the tamaraw have been declining and this Critically Endangered mammal is now teetering on the edge of extinction 5.


Hippotragus Roan antelope H. To cite this page: Captive animals tend to be most active in the early morning and late afternoon and evening. Most of the members of the species also have a pair of gray-white strips that begins from the inner corner of the eye to the horns.

A noticed continuing decline in the population fulfilled sub-criterion 2cgiven the condition of the population’s sole habitat. As a rare, endemic mammal on a relatively secluded island, the ecology of the tamaraw is largely unknown.

Tamaraw – Wikipedia

National parks of the Philippines Bubalus mindorensis. Aruyan-Sablayan-Mapalad Valley, and Mt. It has a robust body with dark brown to greyish-black hair and short, stocky legs 2 4. The life span of B.

None, apart from humans. Traditionally, tamaraws were active during the day, feeding in close proximity to human ranching operations. This is accompanied with a lateral shaking of the head. Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources.

Awareness of the conservation status of Bubalus mindorensis began in when it was classified as Status inadequately known by the IUCN. Little is known about mating systems of tamaraws in the wild. Palawan bearded pig S.

Archived from the original on July 12, Pantholops Tibetan antelope P. How mates are selected is unkown.