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Bibliographic reference(s) of the original questionnaire. Bellamy N, Campbell J, Haraoui B, Gerecz-Simon E, Buchbinder R, Hobby K, MacDermid JC. Clinimetric . The questionnaire was intended for persons with hand and wrist conditions and. Jun 7, (AUSCAN), Cochin Hand Function Scale, Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis and Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ).

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The function items that loaded on the factor with the pain items relate to tasks that generally require less strength turning faucets and doorknobs, buttoning than the remainder of the function items that loaded on asucan factor together i.

Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN)

To examine construct validity of the subscales, we assessed correlations of all three AUSCAN subscales with hand strength grip and pinch strength for both right and left hands and the self-reported right and left hand pain four-point scale. Acknowledgments The views expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Several of these have been made available for distribution through us by their developers. Internal consistency was also acceptable for all subgroups, including men and women, Caucasians and African American, all age groups, those with and without radiographic hand OA using both definitionsand those with and without self-reported hand pain. Correlations are also adjusted for age and sex. See other articles in Questlonnaire that cite the published article.

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AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Index – AUSCAN – Hand Osteoarthritis

Bold values indicate items that loaded on the factor represented in that column. Strength measures were performed on both hands. Therefore Spearman’s rank-order coefficient was used for any correlations involving either of these two variables. Because the subscales may not discretely measure pain and function as expected, their sensitivity to change may not be optimal when used independently rather than as queestionnaire of a total AUSCAN score.

Validity and factor structure of the AUSCAN Osteoarthritis Hand Index in a community-based sample

This study examines whether the AUSCAN’s intended factor structure is valid in a larger, more diverse and generalizable sample. The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at Osteoarthritis Cartilage.

All other uses, reproduction and distribution, including without limitation commercial reprints, selling or licensing copies or access, or posting on open internet sites, your personal or institution’s website or repository, are prohibited. We used an oblique rotation promax since we expected the subscales to be correlated. In addition, further research is needed to understand factors underlying racial differences in self-reported hand pain and function.

We examined these partial correlations in right and left hands. Correlations within all subgroups gender, race, all age groups, radiographic hand OA, and hand pain were similar to those of total sample.

Older patients’ perceptions of quality of chronic knee or hip pain: The potential impact of this differing factor structure of the AUSCAN among African Americans is not clear from these analyses and warrants further research. Open in a separate window. This may indicate some item redundancy, and it is possible that the number of items could be reduced. In addition, we used an alternate classification of hand OA to examine whether results differed if a less strict definition of OA was employed. Stratford PW, Kennedy D.


However, overall results of this study do not show any major problems with the validity or utility of the AUSCAN for this subgroup of individuals.

Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. HarperCollins College Publishers; Based on previous research 5we expected moderate correlations among the subscales, but very high correlations may indicate overlap between the scales. Three trials were conducted, and an average of the three trials was calculated. Radiographs were obtained by a standard protocol, postero-anteriorly and focused on the third questlonnaire joint. The eigenvalue for a given factor measures the variance in all variables that is accounted for by that factor.

HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire The HAQ was developed as a comprehensive measure of outcome in patients with a wide variety of rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, lupus, scleroderma, ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, and psoriatic arthritis.

This suggests there may be some item overlap between the subscales. Sensitivity to change of the Functional Index for Hand Osteoarthritis.

Furthermore, qeustionnaire consistency was acceptable for all subgroups we examined, including individuals without self-reported hand pain and individuals without auwcan hand OA. All other associations were examined using a Pearson correlation coefficient.